Component Types

Input components:

  • Input components or input transducers include things like sensors or switches that can trigger certain functions in electronic circuits.
    • Such components include piezoelectric sensors which use the piezoelectric effect to measure strain or pressure.
  • Switches are triggered manually to deactivate or activate a circuit or to trigger a certain function in a circuit.
  • Sensors measure things like temperature, force, energy and react accordingly by triggering or deactivating certain reactions in circuits.
    • Sensors include relays.

Process components:

  • These are things which process signals from input transducers and which co-ordinate the responses of output transducers accordingly.

Output components:

  • Also known as output transducers, they are things that transform electrical energy into other forms of energy such as heat or light or vibrational or kinetic energy, etc.
  • Components like these include motors (inefficient like all transducers which convert electrical energy into kinetic energy), speakers, light bulbs or LEDs, etc.
  • Solenoids are coils of wire often wrapped around a potentially magnetic core and form the active part of electromagnets and relays. When a current flows through these they create an electromagnetic field and can be used as circuit breakers and switches in car motors.
This entry was posted in Design and Technology. Bookmark the permalink.